Biomedical wastes are wastes generated during the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of humans or animals, or during related research activities, or in the manufacturing of biological, and include the categories of the Biomedical Waste Management Rules, 2016.
The Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 define Biomedical as a type of bio-waste since it may contain biological fluids such as blood or other contaminants listed in the rules. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), which was established under the Environment (Protection) Act of 1986, established these guidelines.
Biomedical Waste Authorization?
A Bio-medical Waste Authorization is an authorization issued under the terms of the Bio-medical Wastes Management Rules, 2016 to generate, collect, receive store, transport, process, or dispose of biomedical wastes mentioned in Schedule 1 of the Bio-medical Wastes Management Rules, 2016.
Biomedical Waste Management Process:
Handling, segregation, mutilation, disinfection, storage, transportation, and final disposal are all necessary processes in the safe and scientific management of biomedical waste in any facility. Biomedical Wastes are divided into several groups.
They must be separated, disinfected, and disposed of with care.
The Bio-Medical Rules shall not be applicable to wastes released by entities covered by the following provisions:
- The Atomic Energy Act of 1962, as well as its regulations;
- Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000; Manufacture, Storage, and
- Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989;
- Management and Handling of Batteries, Rules 2001;
- Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling, and Transboundary Movement) Regulations, 2008;
- E-waste (Management and Handling) 2011 Rules
- Hazardous microorganisms, genetically engineered microorganisms, and cells are covered by the 1989 Hazardous Microorganisms, Genetically Engineered Microorganisms, and Cells Rules, which regulate the manufacture, use, import, export, and storage of hazardous microorganisms, genetically engineered microorganisms, and cells.
Bio-Medical Waste includes the following items:
- Blood that has been thrown away
- Possibly infected (used or unused) needles, scalpels, lancets, and other instruments capable of penetrating skin are among the waste sharps.
- Microbiological cultures and stocks that are no longer wanted
- Body parts that can be identified
- Tissue from other people or animals
- Bandages and dressings used.
- Gloves that have been discarded
- Other medical products that could have come into contact with blood or body fluids
- Laboratory waste
Biomedical Waste Types and Methods of Disposal
Identifying and segregating every component of medical waste from the solid waste stream is a difficult task in general. As a result, medical waste is classified into types that can be treated or disposed of in different ways. According to the Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules of 1998, bio-medical waste is divided into the following categories:
- Medical Waste
- Biomedical Waste
- Clinical Waste
- Regulated Medical Waste
- Infectious Medical Waste
- Healthcare Waste
- Bio hazardous Waste
The authorization application includes information on the quantity and kind of bio-medical waste generated, collected, received, stored, transported, treated, processed, and disposed of.
Permission granted by the prescribed authority for the generation, collection, reception, storage, transportation, treatment, processing, disposal, or any other form of handling of biomedical waste in accordance with these rules and guidelines issued by the Central Government or the Central Pollution Control Board.
Who Needs a Bio-Medical Waste Management Authorization?
Section 10 of the Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, specifies that every occupier/operator dealing with bio-medical waste, regardless of quantity, must have authorization.
In addition, the occupiers and operators must obtain consent to operate from the board. Before undertaking any expansion/change in activity or infrastructure, and lastly at the time of a change in name or ownership, the occupier and operators must obtain consent to establish.
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